Winkler Gyula

Iuliu Winkler’s contribution to Critical Raw Materials in Industrial & Trade Policy

I will start the presentation by highlighting some of the consequences of the COVID crisis. This remains important for setting the scene here. The crisis has shown certain systemic limitations of the EU Trade Policy. I refer now to supply chain dependencies and pertinent discussions on the resilience of strategic sectors, given the vulnerabilities of …


EU-China relations and the impact of COVID-19

The EU-China relationship is witnessing high degrees of complexity in a world that is increasingly arriving in an era of strategic competition among the great actors of the international system. The SARS-CoV-2/COVID19 pandemic has catalyzed an important moment of introspection and a rethinking of priorities, triggering a review of international politics. This has impacted on …


The Impact of COVID-19 on International Trade

The COVID-19 Crisis mostly accelerated certain trends, as some of these were already present at earlier stages. Firstly, international actors were already more inward looking and economic nationalism has been on the rise in the last couple of years. Secondly, there has been a stronger role of government in the economy, as we have witnessed …